In spite of the brevity of their career as a group, Beatles
are the inventors of the "pop music", the pioneers
who opened the way with all musical research of the years 1970.
Before them, the popular music was partitioned in distinct kinds
(rock'n'roll, folk, jazz, blues); after them, one will speak
about pop music like musical language complexes, influenced
by the rock'n'roll, the folk, the classical music and even,
in the case of Beatles, by the Indian music. They are moreover,
with Bob Dylan and Rolling Stones, the only pop musicians having
reached of their alive dimension of a myth.
they, but in a more subtle way, they incarnated the revolt of
the youth of the years 1960 against the good conscience and
the conformism of an incipient consumer society. They are also,
with Dylan, the first type-setters pop to have granted as much
importance to the texts of their songs.
Born in the proletariat from Liverpool, Beatles begin in badly
famed night clubs where to manage to them, Brian Epstein, discovers
them. They record in 1962 their first album "Please Please",
mingling Me with old success of the rock'n'roll with original
compositions of Lennon and McCartney.
Success is not made
wait; the group has an exceptional charisma, which is due to
the strong personality of each one of its members:
John Lennon (1940-1980):
guitarist, is the intellectual of the group, with the caustic
Paul McCartney (born in 1942): the bass player, is the most
George Harrison (1943-2001): excel guitarist solo, is a "mystic"
who will initiate his friends with the Eastern religions
Richard Starkey, known as Ringo Starr (born in 1940): the beater,
brings to the group its drolery and its good mood.
In the years 1963-1965,
albums and triumphal rounds follow one another: "With the
Beatles" (1963); "A Hardware Day' S Night" (1964);
"Beatles for Salts" (1964); "Help" (1965);
the originality of Beatles bursts already in these first discs:
they are love songs, with the tinted romanticism of humour,
without vulgarity nor insipidness. The diversity of the melodies
and the rates/rhythms, the interpretation of Lennon and McCartney,
the plaintive agreements of the guitar of Harrison, all that
contributes to a success without precedent: each public appearance
of the group causes riots.
Beatles are tested
with the cinema ("A Hardware Day' S Night" and "Help!
"To ballast), make the conquest of Europe and of the United
States, their songs recorded by other artists see and are choked
little by little by the success which insulates them: "Help!"
is a cry of alarm, and Beatles start to find a loophole in drugs.
1965 and 1966 are
years hinges, those of two complex albums: "Rubber Soul"
(1965) and "Revolver" (1966), whose sound quality
is sophisticated than that of the precedents, which were satisfied
to reproduce the sound in the concerts. Rare instruments are
used (flute, harpsichord, zither). Harrison draws from his electric
guitar a expressivity ever reached hitherto. With these two
discs, Beatles create truly the pop music. The words of their
songs become mysterious and serious; Lennon gives free course
to a poetic vocation surréalisante.
Such a complexity,
such a musical refinement cannot be reproduced on scene, and
Beatles decide to be devoted exclusively to work in studio which
will occupy the years 1967-1970. In 1967 "Sergeant Pepper'
S Lonely Hearts Club Band appears", their chief-of œuvre:
it does not act more than one collection of songs, but of what
Lennon will describe as pop will opera, the first conceptual
album of the history pop music in which the pieces are separated
by no idle period and the musical topics is taken again of vis-a-vis
with the other; recorded in six months, this album is of an
extraordinary musical richness: the reasons inspired by the
Indian music are neighbourly with the pieces which require a
philharmonic orchestra; the songs swarm with mystical allusions,
of visions entraperçues under the effect of strong drugs.
The song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds", most beautiful
of Lennon, bathes in an environment in Lewis Carroll.
1967 are also the
year of "All you Need is Love", anthem with the love
which starts with the first agreement of the Marseillaise and
who remains the song headlight of a whole generation. Beatles
will then record still five important albums: "Magical
Mystery Turn" (1967: it is the music of a film which they
carry out under the same title); the album éponyme "The
Beatles" (1968); "Yellow Submarine" (1969); "Abbey
Road" (1969), still pop will opera, and "Let it Be"
which leaves in 1970 (a film of the same name shows the tended
environment which reigned inside the group at the time of the
recording of the disc).
In 1970, Beatles
separate, the musical personalities of each one having become
too divergent. Lennon launches out in the committed song and
will still give albums headlights of the years 1970 ("Plastic
Ono Band" in 1970; "Imagines" into 1971) before
assassinatebeing assassinated in New York in 1980; Continuous
McCartney to finick melodies enchanters and melts the group
Wings ("Band one the Run" in 1973; "Tug of War"
in 1982); Harrison devotes himself to the Hindu religions and
introduces in Europe the sect of Krishna; its discs always make
shows bright gifts of guitarist ("All Things Must Pass"
in 1970; "Extra Texture" in 1975); while Ringo Starr
records albums of varieties which have sometimes the merit to
join together other Beatles ("Ringo" into 1973).
All the four unit,
Beatles had genius: separately they are - Lennon put aside,
the most authentic poet of the four - less original. But them
œuvre collective remains always also new and rich: it opened
the way with all the groups of the years 1970 (Pink Floyd, Genesis,
Yes) or 1980 (Police force, Pretenders) and symbolizes more
than ever unconcern and the creativity of the "sixties".